Dissimilar Resistance Spot Welding of Ferrite-Martensite Dual Phase Steel/Low Carbon Steel: Phase Transformations and Mechanical Properties

  • Hassanen Jaber
  • Tunde Kovacs
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Metallurgical characterization, failure mode transition and mechanical properties in dissimilar resistance spot welds of dual phase steel (DP600) and low carbon steel (MSZ EN 10130) are analyzed. It was found that the fusion zone microstructure contains a complex microstructure of retained austenite, martensite, and bainite. The peak hardness in the heat affected zone of advance high-strength steel was greater than fusion zone hardness due to the higher hardenability of advance high-strength steel compared to fusion zone. Dissimilar DP600/EN 10130 spot welds show the highest trend to fail in pullout failure mode with good mechanical properties. Effects of weld microstructure and fusion zone size on mechanical properties dissimilar DP600/EN 10130 spot welds are analysed.


Resistance spot welding Dual phase steel Low carbon steel 


  1. 1.
    Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S.: Critical review of automotive steels spot welding: process, structure and properties. Sci. Technol. Weld. Joining 18, 361–403 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jaber, H., Pouranvari, M., Salim, R., Hashim, F., Marashi, S.: Peak load and energy absorption of DP600 advanced steel resistance spot welds. Ironmaking Steelmaking 44(9), 1–8 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S., Jaber, H.: DP780 dual-phase-steel spot welds: critical fusion-zone size ensuring the pull-out failure mode. Materiali in tehnologije/Mater. Technol. 49(4), 579–585 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hayat, F.: Comparing properties of adhesive bonding resistance spot welding and adhesive weld bonding of coated and uncoated DP 600 steel. J. Iron Steel Res. Int. 18(9), 70–78 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S.: On the failure of low carbon steel resistance spot welds in quasi-static tensile–shear loading. Mater. Des. 31, 3647–3652 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alenius, M., Pohjanne, P., Somervuori, M., Hanninen, H.: Exploring the mechanical properties of spot welded dissimilar joints for stainless and galvanized steels. Weld. J. 85, 305–313 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Recommended practices for test methods and evaluation the resistance spot welding behavior of automotive sheet steels, ANSI/AWS/SAE D8.9-2012 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jaber, H., Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S., Alizadeh, M., Salim, R., Hashim, F.: Dissimilar spot welding of dual phase steel/ferritic stainless steel: phase transformations. Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 19, 565–571 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marashi, S., Pouranvari, M., Amirabdollahian, S., Abedi, A., Goodarzi, M.: Microstructure and failure behavior of dissimilar resistance spot welds between low carbon galvanized & austenitic stainless steels. Mater. Sci. Eng. A480, 175–180 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S.: Similar and dissimilar RSW of low carbon and austenitic stainless steels: effect of weld microstructure and hardness profile on failure mode. Mater. Sci. Technol. 25, 1411–1416 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Industrial Standards Committee: Method of inspection for spot welds. JIS Z 3140, Japan (1989)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    German Standard: Resistance spot welding. DVS 2923, Düsseldorf, Germany (1986)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bagyinszki, Gy., Bitay, E.: Welding technologies II. Setups and measuring, vol. 2. Műszaki Tudományos Füzetek 10, EME, Kolozsvár/Cluj (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sun, X., Stephens, V., Khaleel, A.: Effects of fusion zone size and failure mode on peak load and energy absorption of advanced high strength steel spot welds under lap shear loading conditions. Eng. Fail. Anal. 15, 356–367 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Berrahmoune, M.R., Berveiller, S., Inal, K., Moulin, A., Patoor, E.: Analysis of the martensitic transformation at various scales in TRIP steel Materials. Sci. Eng. A 378, 304–307 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bakshi, S.S., Bhadeshia, H.: Three-body abrasive wear of fine pearlite, nanostructured bainite and martensite. Wear 308, 46–53 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hammond, C.: The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sun, X., Stephens, S., Khaleel, M.: Effects of Fusion Zone Size on Failure Modes and Performance of Advanced High Strength Steel Spot Welds. SAE, Paper Series 2006-01-0531(2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pouranvari, M., Marashi, S.: On the failure of low carbon steel resistance spot welds in quasi-static tensile–shear loading. Mater. Des. 31, 3647–3652 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Doctoral School on Materials Sciences and TechnologiesObuda UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Engineering CollegeUniversity of Thi-QarNasiriyahIraq
  3. 3.Bánki Donát Mechanical and Safety EngineeringÓbuda UniversityBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations