Investigation of Diesel – n-Butanol Fuel Blend in the Function of Pre-injection Angle

  • Attila Dobai
  • Ákos Bereczky
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The utilisation of renewable fuels and decreasing emission are important targets of the development and utilisation of compression-ignited and spark-ignited internal combustion engines. One solution can be the utilisation of different alcohols. With compression-ignited internal combustion engines, very often, ethanol and n-butanol are used for this purpose. The benefit of higher alcohols (C3–C4), like n-butanol, can be blended with diesel fuel without any surfactant or emulsifier. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the blend containing 10 V/V% n-butanol, and the pre-injection angle on engine performance, combustion, and emission. It is a three–cylinder, direct-injection diesel engine used for the tests.

While testing, it was observed that the fuel consumption of the blend was high compared to that of the D2 fuel. Butanol containing blend slightly showed peak cylinder pressure and heat release rate comparable to that of D2. Carbon monoxide (CO) unburned hydrocarbons (THC), and smoke emissions of the BU blend was lower in comparison to D2 fuel.


Diesel engine n-butanol Combustion process 





Before top dead centre


Crank angle


Carbon monoxide


Homogeneous charge compression ignition


Lower heating value


Nitrogen oxides




Indicated pressure


Partially premixed compression ignition


Pre-injection angle


Rate of heat release


Top dead centre


Total hydrocarbons


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy EngineeringBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary

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