Introduction to Haptics

  • Edwing Isaac Mejia OrozcoEmail author
  • Cristian Javier Luciano
Part of the Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation book series (CHS)


Haptics relates to the science of enabling “touch” of simulated objects in a virtual and controlled environment. It is an interdisciplinary field including computer science, engineering, physics, and human perception. Haptics is divided in three disciplines: human, machine, and computer haptics. Each haptic device is composed of electromechanical sensors and actuators that enable tactile feedback by interacting with virtual objects. Current examples of haptic devices include exoskeletal and stand-alone devices that are used on different medical training simulators.


Haptics Machine haptics Computer haptics Human haptics Medical simulators Exoskeletal systems Virtual reality Medical training 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwing Isaac Mejia Orozco
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristian Javier Luciano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Research and DevelopmentHolo Surgical S.A.WarsawPoland
  2. 2.Bioengineering, Biomedical and Health Information SciencesUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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