Interacting Variable: Ontological Security
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This chapter refers not to rationalist-structural-historical explanations, as until now the book has done, but to a sociological-ideational explanation that identifies deep conditions affecting the ontological security of a state. As constructivist theory says, just as there are material structures that affect the actions of states, there are also psychological, sociological, and ideational structures that impact them. Ontological security therefore should not be considered a rival explanation to the others but rather a complement to them. The chapter starts out by providing a theoretical basis for this variable, trying to operationalize it. Then it presents the case studies, with Turkish ontological insecurity (and the consequent securitization of Kurds) analyzed also through Erdogan’s narratives and Indonesian ontological security (and its impact on the autonomization of Aceh) analyzed also through the narratives of Indonesian presidents in the country’s democratic transition.
KeywordsOntological Security Ontological Insecurity Kurdish Issue Kurdish Question democratizationDemocratization
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