Historical Institutionalism: Nationalism, Institutions and Citizenship of Ethnic Minorities

  • Maurizio Geri
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter, like the others, starts with an introduction to the theoretical background of this approach applied to the two case studies, arguing that history and institutions are fundamental for understanding the current political outcomes in domestic politics. This is done through a presentation of four subvariables: the history of state formation and its institutions, the nature of citizens’ rights, the history of discrimination against ethnic minorities, and the institutionalization of ethnicity with the creation of so-called ethnic democracies. Then the chapter analyzes the case studies to search for evidence. The conclusion drawn is that even if nationalism and institutions assumed different forms in Turkey, there remains the fact that nationalist and exclusive institutions created a path dependency. By contrast, for Indonesia the more open nationalism and more inclusive institutions dating to the beginning of its independence opened the door to more decentralization and autonomization.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Geri
    • 1
  1. 1.ACT-NATONorfolkUSA

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