Political Elites’ Power Interest and Rational Decision Making
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This chapter presents the first variable/hypothesis with a theoretical background, then it applies the theory to the case studies and gives evidence that Turkey passed from securitization to some forms of autonomization to resecuritization again during the democratization and that Indonesia took the opposite path. This chapter therefore discusses rational choice theory in comparative politics, an approach that sees elites’ rational decision on costs and benefits as the reason for every policy. In brief, when the political costs of toleration are higher than the political costs of repression, the state will choose a path of accommodation; in the converse case, the state will choose repression and securitization. In the cases of both Turkey and Indonesia, the findings are that the elites’ power interests have been important in contributing to the alternations between autonomization and securitization of ethnic minorities.
KeywordsIslamic Elite Acehnese securitizationSecuritization Kurdish Minority Kemalist Elite
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