Securitization and Autonomization in Turkey and Indonesia: A Brief History and Review of the Period of Democratization

  • Maurizio Geri
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter aims to present a brief history of the treatment of the two ethnic minorities in the two case studies, the Kurds in Turkey and the Acehnese in Indonesia, especially since the start of democratization, which, as explained in Chap.  3, can be considered 1998 for Indonesia and 2002 for Turkey. The purpose of doing this is to provide some background for the subsequent analytical chapters that will take into account the four variables/hypotheses of the research. The chapter starts with the Kurdish issue, and its history of exclusion and securitization since the founding of the Turkish Republic, followed by recent developments in Turkish democracy and especially the recent resecuritization of the Kurdish minority. The chapter then moves on to the Acehnese issue, presenting its history between autonomization and securitization and finally the recent Indonesian autonomization of the Acehnese.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Geri
    • 1
  1. 1.ACT-NATONorfolkUSA

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