Literature Review

  • Maurizio Geri
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter presents the theoretical aspects of the book, with an analysis of the literature on the various topics. The first section concerns the inclusion versus exclusion of minorities in democracies and in democratization processes and the strategies of inclusion of these minorities. Then comes a discussion of the two main outcomes analyzed in the book: securitization (Buzan et. al. Security: A new framework for analysis, 1998) and autonomization (a new concept, drawing from Lijphart, J Democr 15(2): 96–109, 2004 and Kymlicka 2001). Finally, the chapter surveys the scholarship on the factors taken into account to explain the different outcomes, which are the independent variables based on four theoretical schools: the elite power struggle based on rationalist theory, external factors based on structuralist theory, history and institutions of the state based on historical institutionalist theory, and, finally, the ontological security of the country based on critical theory.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Geri
    • 1
  1. 1.ACT-NATONorfolkUSA

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