Weird IR pp 15-28 | Cite as

To the Sea! Sealand and Other Wannabe States



This chapter covers the rise of aspiring states. It tells the story of the Principality of Sealand, a quasi-state that used a loophole in international law to claim sovereignty. Next, the chapter compares Sealand to similar examples. It also discusses the divergent standards for statehood.


Sealand Aspirant States TROUGH FOR Bat Families USAUnited States 
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References and Suggested Readings

  1. Crawford, James. “The Criteria for Statehood in International Law,” British Yearbook of International Law 48, no. 1 (1977): 93–182.Google Scholar
  2. Eggers, Allison. “When Is a State a State? The Case for Recognition of Somaliland,” Boston College International and Comparative Law Review 30, no. 1 (2012). Accessed on February 23, 2018 at
  3. Michael of Sealand, Principality of Sealand: Holding the Fort. Sealand: Principality of Sealand, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. “Microwiki, the Free Micronational Encyclopedia,” Microwiki. n.d. Accessed on February 23, 2018 at
  5. “Principality of Sealand,” Principality of Sealand. n.d. Accessed on February 23, 2018 at
  6. “Reimagining Civilization with Floating Cities,” The Seasteading Institute. n.d. Accessed on February 1, 2018 at
  7. Ryan, John, George Dunford, and Simon Sellars. Micronations: The Lonely Planet Guide to Home-Made Nations. London: Lonely Planet Publications, 2006.Google Scholar
  8. Williams, Paul. “What Makes a State? Territory,” American Society of International Law Proceedings 106 (2012): 449–450.Google Scholar
  9. Worster, William Thomas. “Law, Politics, and the Conception of the State in State Recognition Theory,” Boston University International Law Journal 27, no. 1 (2009): 115–171.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.American UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.School of Human SciencesOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan

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