Advertisement

Soils with Drainage Limitations

  • Khan Towhid Osman
Chapter

Abstract

Several soil types have inadequate natural drainage that severely limits their profitable or intended use. These soils have different names and are distributed in all regions of the world. Wetland soils, submerged soils, waterlogged soils, hydric soils, poorly drained soils, etc. all have drainage limitations, and in addition they have some common and specific characteristics. They have aquic soil moisture regimes characterized by a reducing state that is virtually devoid of dissolved oxygen due to prolonged saturation with water. Some soils of northern Europe and North America are wet and cold. An account of these soils – their properties, land-use problems and management – is presented in this chapter.

Keywords

Wetlands Poorly drained soils Hydric soils Redoximorphic features Wetland rehabilitation Wetland rice Flooding Artificial drainage Cold and wet soils 

References

  1. Abdel-Azim R, Allam MN (2005) Agricultural drainage water reuse in Egypt: strategic issues and mitigation measures. In: Hamdy A, El Gamal F, Lamaddalena N, Bogliotti C, Guelloubi R (eds) Non-conventional water use: WASAMED project Bari : CIHEAM / EU DG research options Méditerranéennes : Série B. Etudes et Recherches, No 53, pp 105–117Google Scholar
  2. Akamigbo FOR (2001) Survey, classification and land use potentials of wetlands. Proceedings of the 27th annual conference of the Soil Science Society of Nigeria. 5-9th Nov 2001, Calabar, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (2003) Agricultural drainage water management systems for improving water quality and increasing crop production. Developed by the ADMS Task Force consisting of representatives from industry, universities, USDA-ARS, and USDA-NRCS. Coordination in development provided by William Boyd and Patrick Willey of NRCS. http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/efotg/
  4. Anonymous (2009) Cool, wet soils can result in more corn injury from residual herbicides. http://extension.missouri.edu/explore/agguides/pests /ipm 1007.htm. Published 28 April 2009. Accessed 5 Nov 2015
  5. Ayars JE, Hutmacher RB, Schoneman RA, Vail SA, Pflaum T (1993) Long-term use of saline water for irrigation. Irrig Sci 14:27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brainard D (2009) Cold, wet soils and vegetable seed emergence. Michigan State University Extension, Department of Horticulture, MSU, Michigan. http://www.msue.msu.edu
  7. Collins ME, Kuehl RJ (2001) Organic matter accumulation and organic soils. In: Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (eds) Wetland soils, genesis, hydrology, landscapes, and classification. Lewis Publishers, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  8. Colmer TD (2003a) Aerenchyma and an inducible barrier to radial oxygen loss facilitate root aeration in upland, paddy and deep-water rice (Oryza sativa L.) Ann Bot 91:301–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Colmer TD (2003b) Long-distance transport of gases in plants: a perspective on internal aeration and radial oxygen loss from roots. Plant Cell & Env 26:17–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Colmer TD, Cox MCH, Voesenek LACJ (2006) Root aeration in rice (Oryza sativa): evaluation of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ethylene as possible regulators of root acclimatizations. New Phytol 170:767–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Craft CB (2001) Biology of wetland soils. In: Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (eds) Wetland soils genesis, hydrology, landscapes, and classification. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  12. Department of Environment and Climate Change (2008) Saltwater wetlands rehabilitation manual. Department of Environment and Climate Change, NSW, Sydney South, p 1232Google Scholar
  13. Dolezal F, Kvıtek T (2004) The role of recharge zones, discharge zones, springs and tile drainage systems in peneplains of central European highlands with regard to water quality generation processes. Phys Chem Earth 29(11–12):775–785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dudley LM, Ben-Gal A, Lazarovitch N (2008) Drainage water reuse: biological, physical, and technological considerations for system management. J Environ Qual 37(5 Suppl):S25–S35Google Scholar
  15. Egbuchua CN, Ojeifo IM (2007) Pedogenetic characterization of some wetland soils in Delta State. PhD Thesis, Delta State University, Abraka, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  16. Erwin KL (2009) Wetlands and global climate change: the role of wetland restoration in a changing world. Wetl Ecol Manag 17:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. FAO (1997) Management of agricultural drainage water quality. FAO Corporate Document Repository. www.fao.org/docrep/W7224E/W7224E00.htm
  18. FAO (2001) Lecture notes on the major soils of the world. World soil resources reports 94. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, p 334Google Scholar
  19. FAO (2004) Rice is life. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, FAO RomeGoogle Scholar
  20. Federal Register (1994) Changes in hydric soils of the United States, vol 59. US Govt Print Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  21. Federal Register (1995) Hydric soils of the United States. US Govt Print Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  22. Finlayson M, Moser M (eds) (1991) Wetlands. Facts on File Limited, OxlordGoogle Scholar
  23. Franzmeier DP, Hosteter WD, R. E. Roeske (2001) Drainage and wet soil management: drainage recommendations for Indiana soils. AY-300, Purdue Extension. https://engineering.purdue.edu/SafeWater/Drainage/AY300.pdf
  24. Gambrell RP, DeLaune RD, Patrick WH (1991) Redox processes in soils following oxygen depletion. In: Jackson MB, Davies DD, Lambers H (eds) Plant life under oxygen deprivation: ecology, physiology, and biochemistry. SPB Academic Publishing BV, The Hague, pp 101–117Google Scholar
  25. Gray AL (2010) Redomorphic features induced by organic amendments and simulated wetland hydrology. MS Thesis, University of Maryland.Google Scholar
  26. Holden J, Chapman PJ, Labadz JC (2004) Artificial drainage of peatlands: hydrological and hydrochemical process and wetland restoration. Prog Phys Geogr 28(1):95–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Inglett PW, Reddy KR, Corstanje (2004) Anaerobic Soils. In: Hillel D et al (eds) Encyclopedia of soil in the environment. Academic Press, New York, pp 72–77Google Scholar
  28. Kentula ME (2002) Restoration, creation, and recovery of wetlands. National Water Summary on Wetland Resources, United States Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2425. https://water.usgs.gov/nwsum/WSP2425/restoration.html
  29. Kirk G (2004 ) The biogeochemistry of submerged soils. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester, UKGoogle Scholar
  30. Kulhavy Z, Dolezal F, Fucik P, Kulhavy F, Kvitek T, Muzikar R, Soukup M, Svihlas V (2007) Management of agricultural drainage systems in the Czech Republic. Irrig Drain 56:S141–S149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kulhavy Z, Soukup M, Dolezal F, Cmelık M (2006) Agricultural land drainage: rationalisation of its exploitation, maintenance and repairs. Project QF3095 output. Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, Prague (in Czech)Google Scholar
  32. Kvıtek T, Zajıcek A, Pursova K, Zlabek P, Bystricky V, Ondr P (2006) Verification of the effect of grassland and ploughland extent on the nitrate load of surface and subsurface waters, as a background for action programmes measures. Final report QF4062. Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation, Prague (in Czech)Google Scholar
  33. Lexa M (2006) Nitrate concentrations evaluation in small streams of the Zelivka river basin and analysis of catchments of these streams. PhD thesis, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Prague (in Czech)Google Scholar
  34. Lexa M, Kvıtek T, Hejzlar J, Fucık P (2006) Relation among tile drainage systems, waterlogged soils covered by grassland and nitrate in brooks of the Svihov (Zelivka) drinking water reservoir basin. Vodnı hospodarstvı (8):246–250 (in Czech)Google Scholar
  35. Liu JD (2008) Potential rehabilitation of rugezi highland wetlands. Environmental Education Media Project (EEMP). eempc.org/storage/EEMP_RugeziHighlandWetlands.pdf
  36. Mallin MA (2009) Effect of human land development on water quality. Handbook of water purity and quality,pp 67–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. McDonald AJ, Riha SJ, Duxbury JM, Steenhuis TS, Lauren JG (2006) Soil physical responses to novel rice cultural practices in the rice–wheat system: comparative evidence from a swelling soil in Nepal. Soil Till Res 86:163–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mitra S, Wassmann R, Jain MC, Pathak H (2002) Properties of rice soils affecting methane production potentials: 1. Temporal patterns and diagnostic procedures. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 64(1):169–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mitsch WJ, Gosselink JG (2000) Wetlands, 3rd edn. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  40. Mitsch WJ, Gosselink JG (2007) Wetlands, 4th edn. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, p 582Google Scholar
  41. Nayar VK, Arora CL, Kataki PK (2001) Management of Soil Micronutrient Deficiencies in the Rice-wheat cropping system. In: Kataki PK (ed) The Rice-wheat cropping Systems of South Asia: efficient production management. Food Products Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  42. NTCHS (1985) Hydric soils of the United States. National Technical Committee for Hydric Soils, USDA. Soil Conservation Service, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  43. Osborne SL, Riedell WE, Schumacher TE, Humburg DS (2002) Use of cover crops to increase corn emergence and field trafficability. Progress Report #SOIL PR 02–39, Ag Exp Stn, Plt Sci SDSU. Brookings, SDGoogle Scholar
  44. Oster JD, Grattan SR (2002) Drainage water reuse. Irrig Drain Syst 16:297–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pezeshki SR (2001) Wetland plant responses to soil flooding. Environ Exp Bot 46:299–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Pezeshki SR, DeLaune RD (2012) Soil oxidation-reduction in wetlands and its impact on plant functioning. Biology 1:196–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ponnamperuma FN (1972) The chemistry of submerged soil. Adv Agron 24:29–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rahmianna AA, Adisarwanto T, Kirchoff G, So HB (2000) Crop establishment of legumes in rainfed lowland rice-based cropping systems. Soil Till Res 56(1–2):67–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ramchunder SJ, Brown LE, Holden J (2009) Environmental effects of drainage, drain-blocking and prescribed vegetation burning in UK upland peatlands. Prog Phys Geogr 33(1):49–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Reddy KR, Delaune RD (2008) Biogeochemistry of wetlands: science and applications. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rhoades JD (1987) Use of saline water for irrigation. Water Quality Bulletin 12:14–20Google Scholar
  52. Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (2001) Wetland soils, genesis, hydrology, landscapes, and classification. Lewis Publishers, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  53. Riley H, Børresen T, Lindemark PO (2009) Recent yield results and trends over time with conservation tillage on clay loam and silt loam soils in southeast Norway. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B: Plant Soil Science 59(4):362–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Roth RA (2009) Freshwater aquatic biomes. Greenwood Press, Westport, LondonGoogle Scholar
  55. Rydin H, Jeglum JK (2006) The biology of peatlands. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Schimel JP, Kieland K, Chapin FS (1996) Nutrient availability and uptake by tundra plants. In: Tenhunen JD (ed) Landscape function: implications for ecosystem response to disturbance: a case study of Arctic tundra. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  57. Scholz M (2006) Wetland systems to control urban runoff. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  58. Scholz M (2011) Wetland systems: storm water management control. Springer, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sheler RJ (2013) The impact of agricultural drainage systems on hydrologic responses. MS thesis, University of Iowa. http://ir.uiowa.edu/etd/2630
  60. Singh MV (2004) Micronutrient deficiencies in Indian soils and field usable practices for their correction. IFA International Conference on Micronutrients, Feb. 23–24, 2004, at New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  61. Singh Y, Ladha JK (2004) Principles and practices of tillage systems for rice–wheat cropping systems in the indo-Gangetic Plains of India: some experiences. In: Lal R (ed) Sustainable agriculture and the international Rice–wheat system. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 167–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Soil Survey Staff (1993) Soil survey manual. USDA–SCS. Agric hand book. US Govt Print Office, Washington, DC, p 18Google Scholar
  63. Soil Survey Staff (2003) Keys to soil taxonomy, 9th edn. USDA-NRCS, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  64. Soil Survey Staff (2010) Keys to soil taxonomy, 11th edn. USDA-NRCS, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  65. Surendra S, Sharma SN, Prasad R (2001) The effect of seeding and tillage methods on productivity of rice–wheat cropping system. Soil Till Res 61(3–4):125–131Google Scholar
  66. USDA-NRCS (2010) In: Vasilas LM, Hurt GW, Noble CV (eds) Field indicators of hydric soils in the United States, version 7.0. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service in cooperation with the National Technical Committee for Hydric Soils, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  67. USDA-NRCS (2002) NRCS conservation practice standards and specifications for sub-surface drains, code 606. Available on the internet at: http://efotg.nrcs.usda.gov/references/public/WI/606.pdf, Accessed 8 Nov 2009
  68. USDA-NRCS (2009) Soil quality: managing cool, wet soils. Soil quality – agronomy technical note No. 20. United States Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Conservation Service, AuburnGoogle Scholar
  69. Vepraskas MJ (1992) Redoxmiorphic features for identifying aquic conditions. NC Agric Res Serv, Tech Bull 301, RaleighGoogle Scholar
  70. Vepraskas MJ (2001) Morpholocial features of seasonally reduced soils. In: Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (eds) Wetland soils: genesis, hydrology, landscapes, and classification. Lewis Publishers, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  71. Vepraskas MJ, Faulkner SP (2000) Redox chemistry of hydric soils. In: Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (eds) Wetland soils: genesis, hydrology, landscapes and classification. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Vepraskas MJ, Faulkner SP (2001) Redox chemistry of hydric soils. In: Richardson JL, Vepraskas MJ (eds) Wetland soils, genesis, hydrology, landscapes, and classification. Lewis Publishers, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  73. Walker JT, Aneja VP, Dickey DA (2000) Atmospheric transport and wet deposition of ammonium in North Carolina. Atmos Environ 34(20):3407–3418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wetland Care Australia (2008) Wetland rehabilitation guidelines for the great barrier reef catchment. Queensland Wetlands Programme/Govt of Australia, BallinaGoogle Scholar
  75. WRC (2009) Wetlands: tools for effective management and rehabilitation of wetlands. Water Research Commission, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  76. Zhou W, Teng-Fei L, Chen Y, Westby AP, Ren WJ (2014) Soil physicochemical and biological properties of Paddy-upland rotation: a review. Sci World J 2014:856352Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khan Towhid Osman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

Personalised recommendations