Physical Activity and Exercise Training as Important Modifiers of Vascular Health

  • Arno Schmidt-TrucksässEmail author
Part of the Updates in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Protection book series (UHCP)


Both the recreational and working world of people is characterized by increasing automation, which has an unfavorable effect on the extent of physical activity and fitness. This is linked to increased overall morbidity and mortality. To counteract this development, it is important to promote physical activity and exercise training in an appropriate manner. Physical activity and exercise are basically differentiated into the components endurance or strength or a mixture of both, which have different effects on the structure and function of the vascular system. The effect of physical activity and exercise on established structural and functional vascular biomarkers carotid intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity as surrogate endpoints for cardiovascular diseases is of major importance for health prevention and rehabilitation.


Physical activity Exercise training Vascular biomarker Pulse wave velocity Carotid intima-media thickness Cardiovascular diseases Prevention 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Department of Sport, Exercise and HealthUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland

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