Features of Later Twentieth- and Twenty-First-Century Islamic Movements

  • Derek Hopwood
Part of the St Antony's Series book series (STANTS)


Once again movements calling for Islamic renewal appeared in the contemporary Muslim world, now becoming more violent and using modern means of communication. New leaders considered that the West is seriously harming the Muslim way of life and must be resisted by all means, if necessary violent ones.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek Hopwood
    • 1
  1. 1.St Antony’s CollegeUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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