Reconsidering the EDUCO Program and the Influence of Its Impact Evaluations

  • D. Brent EdwardsJr.


This chapter accomplishes two tasks. First, it reevaluates what is known about the Education with Community Participation (EDUCO) program in light of the critical review provided in Chap.  5. Second, it reconsiders the influence of the impact evaluations of EDUCO in terms of national and international implications. Not only did these studies provide justification for scaling up EDUCO within El Salvador, but, internationally, they changed how international organizations and development professionals thought about decentralization and provided a basis from which these organizations and individuals could promote an extreme form of community-based management (one where parents are responsible for hiring and firing teachers, among other things). Crucially, it is also shown that, due to the knowledge base that has been created by the World Bank in the form of impact evaluations, EDUCO has taken on a life of its own and continues to live on in the literature on decentralization as well as school- and community-based management.


Impact evaluation El Salvador World Bank EDUCO Political economy Global education policy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Brent EdwardsJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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