The Gametophyte of Fern: Born to Reproduce

  • Alejandro Rivera
  • María Jesús Cañal
  • Ueli Grossniklaus
  • Helena Fernández


The gametophyte of ferns is a cellular monolayer structure, whose more important function is to form the gametes, responsible of sexual fusion that will lead to sporophyte generation. In most cases, as sporophyte develops, the gametophyte is about to disappear, reflecting to have a role purely involved on reproduction. Omics technologies based on comprehensive biochemical and molecular characterizations of an organism, tissue, or cell type and next-generation omics approaches facilitate the analyses of non-model organisms owing to the rapid generation of large amounts of de novo systems biology data, making them attractive options for studying plant development and evolution.


Antheridiogen Apogamy Blechnum spicant Dryopteris affinis ssp. affinis Gametophyte Proteomic 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro Rivera
    • 1
  • María Jesús Cañal
    • 1
  • Ueli Grossniklaus
    • 2
  • Helena Fernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Area of Plant Physiology, Department of Organisms and Systems Biology (BOS)Oviedo UniversityOviedoSpain
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Microbial BiologyUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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