Updating the Language of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
The psychodynamic lexicon is vast, populated by multiple dialects. The various schools of psychodynamic therapy have added new vocabulary. Much of this terminology is metaphorical, and definitions are highly abstract. In this chapter, some of the key terms are defined from classical conflict theory, object relations theory and attachment theory. Many of the terms used in clinical practice have their roots in these theories that in many cases have been superseded by newer concepts. An attempt is made to translate these words into the new language of attachment theory and neuroscience. Because psychotherapy research is an essential part of contemporary psychodynamics, some of the most essential statistical terms are briefly described.
KeywordsPsychodynamics Object relations Attachment theory Defences Empathy Effect size Meta-analysis
- 1.Laplanche J, Pontalis J-B. The language of psychoanalysis. London: Karnac; 2006.Google Scholar
- 2.Guilé JM. Disentangling cognitive processes from neural activation and psychic mechanisms: the example of empathy. J Physiol. 2010;104:337–41.Google Scholar
- 4.Hak T, Van Rhee HJ, Suurmond R. How to interpret results of meta-analysis. (Version 1.0). Rotterdam: Erasmus Rotterdam Institute of Management; 2016. www.erim.eur.nl/research-support/meta-essentials/downloads.Google Scholar
- 5.Greenhalgh T. How to read a paper: the basics of evidence-based medicine. 5th ed. Chichester: Wiley; 2014.Google Scholar