ARPES Studies of Two-Dimensional Electron Gases at Transition Metal Oxide Surfaces

  • Siobhan McKeown WalkerEmail author
  • Flavio Y. Bruno
  • Felix Baumberger
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 266)


High mobility two-dimensional electron liquids (2DELs) underpin today’s silicon based devices and are of fundamental importance for the emerging field of oxide electronics. Such 2DELs are usually created by engineering band offsets and charge transfer at heterointerfaces. However, in 2011 it was shown that highly itinerant 2DELs can also be induced at bare surfaces of different transition metal oxides where they are far more accessible to high resolution angle resolved photoemission (ARPES) experiments. Here we review work from this nascent field which has led to a systematic understanding of the subband structure arising from quantum confinement of highly anisotropic transition metal d-states along different crystallographic directions. We further discuss the role of different surface preparations and the origin of surface 2DELs, the understanding of which has permitted control over 2DEL carrier densities. Finally, we discuss signatures of strong many-body interactions and how spectroscopic data from surface 2DELs may be related to the transport properties of interface 2DELs in the same host materials.



The authors acknowledge financial support through the University of Geneva and the Swiss National Science Foundation and would like to thank C. Bernhard, R. Claessen, A. Fête, S. Gariglio, K. Held, P. D. C. King, F. Lechermann, L. D. Marks, W. Meevasana, N. C. Plumb, M. Radovic, V. Strocov, A. Tamai, J. M. Triscone, D. van der Marel and Z. Wang for discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siobhan McKeown Walker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Flavio Y. Bruno
    • 1
  • Felix Baumberger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Swiss Light SourcePaul Scherrer InstitutVilligenSwitzerland

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