Regional Anesthesia and Cardiovascular Disease

  • Veerandra Koyyalamudi
  • Lien Tran
  • Camellia D. Asgarian
  • Molly Kraus
  • Zacherie Conover
  • Jeremy Alvord
  • Elyse M. Cornett
  • Alan David Kaye
Chapter

Abstract

Surgical stress can result in major adverse cardiac events, and this accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. More effective analgesia provided by regional block can allow for improved postoperative function which can improve recovery times and reduce potential complications. Furthermore, there are cardiovascular benefits with the use of different regional techniques for both cardiac and non-cardiac patients. In this chapter we review some of the different regional techniques for cardiac and non-cardiac patients including neuraxial block, epidural block, paravertebral and intercostal nerve blocks, as well as peripheral nerve block in patients with cardiac disease who are undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

Keywords

Regional anesthesia Neuraxial block Epidural block Paravertebral blocks Intercostal nerve blocks 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veerandra Koyyalamudi
    • 1
  • Lien Tran
    • 2
  • Camellia D. Asgarian
    • 3
  • Molly Kraus
    • 4
  • Zacherie Conover
    • 5
  • Jeremy Alvord
    • 6
  • Elyse M. Cornett
    • 7
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicineMayo Clinic ArizonaPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  4. 4.AnesthesiologyMayo Clinic HospitalPhoenixUSA
  5. 5.AnesthesiologyMayo ClinicPhoenixUSA
  6. 6.Department of AnesthesiologyMayo Clinic AZPhoenixUSA
  7. 7.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University Health Sciences Center – ShreveportShreveportUSA
  8. 8.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA

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