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Case Histories: Application of Geophysical Prospection to Cultural Heritage

  • Marilena Cozzolino
  • Elisa Di Giovanni
  • Paolo Mauriello
  • Salvatore Piro
  • Daniela Zamuner
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)

Abstract

The second part of this book is focused on the application of the different geophysical methodologies - Geoelectrical, Ground Penetrating Radar and Electromagnetic - to Cultural Heritage, both in Italian and foreign sites. In order to highlight the various possible applications, the case studies, related to the most frequent diagnostic surveys, have been divided into main topic: Monuments, Historical Buildings, Urban Centres, Archaeological Parks, Preventive Archeology and Ancient viability.

In this chapter the case histories are presented as following: for “Monuments” the ERT surveys at the Royal Residence of San Leucio (Caserta, Italy) and GPR investigation at the Royal Palace of Naples (Italy); for “Historical Buildings” the ERT survey at the Castle of Zena (Carpeneto Piacentino, Piacenza, Italy) and the Castle of Shawbak (Jordan) and GPR investigation at the S. Giovanni in Laterano Basilica (Rome, Italy), Cathedral of Termoli (Campobasso, Italy) and Capua’s Castle (Campobasso, Italy); for “Urban Centres” the ERT and GPR surveys in the historical centre of Nicosia (Cyprus), the ERT surveys in the historical centre of Alife (Caserta, Italy) and High Resolution GPR Surveys at Palatino Hill (Rome, Italy) and in the Medieval Town of Prato (Florence, Italy); for “Archaeological Park”, the ERT surveys in the Park of Pratolino (Vaglia, Florence, Italy), in the Cuma Site (Naples, Italy) and at Norba (Latina, Italy) and the Extensive Ground Remote Sensing Investigations in Aquinum Roman Site (Castrocielo, Frosinone, Italy); for “Preventive Archeology” the GPR surveys in the Territory of Ancient Tarquinia (Viterbo, Italy) and the ERT surveys in the territory of Petroio (Florence, Italy); for “Ancient viability” the Remote sensing, EMI and ERT surveys for studying the road network of Egnazia site (Fasano, Brindisi, Italy).

Two case studies, the Treasury Tomb in the Archaeological Park of Petra, Jordan and the Abbey of Santa Maria a Mare, San Nicola Island, Tremiti (Foggia, Italy), concern the important and innovative research issue related to integration of 3D metric survey and geophysical prospection. Finally, the case study of Molise Region (Italy) provide a scientific contribution to the integration of geophysical prospections with the most modern data collection (Geographical Information System).

Each case study is composed by an introduction that describes the historical-archaeological context; the survey planning that explains both the methodological approach and the data acquisition and the last subsection with the discussion of data processing and results. Detailed figures complete the respective text sections.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilena Cozzolino
    • 1
  • Elisa Di Giovanni
    • 2
  • Paolo Mauriello
    • 1
  • Salvatore Piro
    • 2
  • Daniela Zamuner
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MoliseCampobassoItaly
  2. 2.ITABC (CNR)MonterotondoItaly

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