Radiation Dosimetry and Detection

  • Erik Seedhouse
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Space Development book series (BRIEFSSPACE)


Radiation monitoring on board the International Space Station (ISS) is conducted to gather, analyze and characterize the radiation environment to better ensure crew health [1–3]. And thanks to careful consideration of radiation effects, the station does a very good job of protecting the crew. But given that astronauts are exposed to about 80 times the terrestrial radiation dose, radiation exposure still remains a limiting effect on an astronaut’s career, which is why it is important to accurately monitor exposure as closely as possible.


International Space Station (ISS) Astronauts Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC) National Council On Radiation Protection (NCRP) Thermoluminescent Detectors (TLDs) 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Koontz SL, Boeder PA, Pankop C, Reddell B. The ionizing radiation environment on the International Space Station: performance vs. expectations for avionics and materials. 2005 IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop; 2005 Jul 11–15. pp. 110–116.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akopova AB, Manaseryan MM, Melkonyan AA, Tatikyan SS, Potapov Y. Radiation measurement on the International Space Station. Radiat Meas. 2005;39:225–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kodaira S, Kawashima H, Kitamura H, Kurano M, Uchihori Y, Yasuda N, Ogura K, Kobayashi I, Suzuki A, Koguchi Y, Akatov YA, Shurshakov VA, Tolochek RV, Krasheninnikova TK, Ukraintsev AD, Gureeva EA, Kuznetsov VN, Benton ER. Analysis of radiation dose variations measured by passive dosimeters onboard the International Space Station during the solar quiet period (2007–2008). Radiat Meas. 2013;49:95–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhou D, Semones E, Gaza R, Johnson S, Zapp EN, Weyland M. Radiation measured for ISS-Expedition 12 with different dosimeters. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res Sect A. 2007;580(3):1283–9.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Deme S, Apathy I, Pazmandi T, Benton ER, Reitz G, Akatov YA. On-board TLD measurements on MIR and ISS. Radiat Prot Dosim. 2006;120(1-4):438–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Narici L, Berger T, Matthia D, Reitz G. Radiation measurements performed with active detectors relevant for human space exploration. Front Oncol. 2015;5(273):10.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dachev TP, Atwell W, Semones E, Tomov BT, Reddell B. Observations of the SAA radiation distribution by liulin-E094 instrument on ISS. Adv Space Res. 2006;37(9):1672–7.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhou D, Semones E, Weyland M, Johnson S. Radiation measured with TEPC and CR-39 PNTDs in low Earth orbit. Adv Space Res. 2007;40(11):1571–4.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lishnevskii AE, Panasyuk MI, Benghin VV, Petrov VM, Volkov AN, Nechaev OY. Variations of radiation environment on the International Space Station in 2005-2009. Cosm Res. 2012;50(4):319–23.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reitz G, Berger T, Bilski P, Facius R, Hajek M, Petrov VP, Puchalska M, Zhou D, Bossler J, Akatov YA, Shurshakov VA, Olko P, Ptaszliewicz M, Bergmann R, Fugger M, Vana N, Beaujean R, Burmeister S, Bartlett D, Hager L, Palfalvi JK, Szabó J, O’Sullivan D, Kitamura H, Uchihori Y, Yasuda N, Nagamatsu A, Tawara H, Benton ER, Gaza R, McKeever SW, Sawakuchi G, Yukihara EG, Cucinotta FA, Semones E, Zapp EN, Miller J, Dettmann J. Astronaut’s organ doses inferred from measurements in a human phantom outside the International Space Station. Radiat Res. 2009;171(2):225–35.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lishnevskii A, Panasyuk M, Benghin V, Petrov VM, Volkov AN, Nechayev OY. Variations of radiation environment onboard the ISS in the year 2008. Cosm Res. 2010;48:206–10.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dachev T, Tomov B, Matviichuk Y, Dimitrov P, Lemaire J, Gregoire G. Calibration results obtained with Liulin-4 type dosimeters. Adv Space Res. 2002;30:917–25.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dachev TP, Tomov BT, Matviichuk YN, Dimitrov PG, Spurny F, Ploc O. Liulin type spectrometry-dosimetry instruments. Radiat Prot Dosim. 2011;144:675–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dachev TP, Spurny F, Ploc O. Characterization of radiation environment by Liulin type spectrometers. Radiat Prot Dosim. 2011;144:680–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dachev TP, Semkova JV, Tomov BT, Matviichuk YN, Maltchev PGS, Koleva R, et al. Overview of the Liulin type instruments for space radiation measurement and their scientific results. Life Sci Space Res. 2015;4:92–114.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Semkova J, Koleva R, Shurshakov V, Benghin V, Maltchev S, Kanchev N, et al. Status and calibration results of Liulin-5 charged particle telescope designed for radiation measurements in a human phantom onboard the ISS. Adv Space Res. 2007;40:1586–92.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Casolino M, Bidoli V, Furano G, Minori M, Morselli A, Narici L, et al. The Sileye-3/Alteino experiment on board the International Space Station. Nucl Phys B Proc Suppl. 2002;113:71–8.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Larsson O, Benghin VV, Berger T, Casolino M, Di Fino L, Fuglesang C, et al. Measurements of heavy-ion anisotropy and dose rates in the Russian section of the International Space Station with the Sileye3/Alteino detector. J Phys G Nucl Part Phys. 2015;42:025002.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Narici L, Belli F, Bidoli V, Casolino M, De Pascale MP, Di Fino L, et al. The ALTEA/Alteino projects: studying functional effects of microgravity and cosmic radiation. Adv Space Res. 2004;33:1352–7.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Narici L, Bidoli V, Casolino M, De Pascale MP, Furano G, Morselli A, et al. ALTEA: anomalous long-term effects in astronauts. A probe on the influence of cosmic radiation and microgravity on the central nervous system during long flights. Adv Space Res. 2003;31:141–6.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Di Fino L, Casolino M, De Santis C, Larosa M, La Tessa C, Narici L, et al. Heavy ions anisotropy measured by ALTEA in the International Space Station. Radiat Res. 2011;176:397–406.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Beaujean R, Kopp J, Burmeister S, Petersen F, Reitz G. Dosimetry inside Mir station using a silicon detector telescope (DOSTEL). Radiat Meas. 2002;35:433–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Labrenz J, Burmeister S, Berger T, Heber B, Reitz G. Matroshka DOSTEL measurements onboard the International Space Station (ISS). J Space Weather Space Clim. 2015;5:A38.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Adriani O, Barbarino GC, Bazilevskaya GA, Bellotti R, Boezio M, Bogomolov EA, et al. The PAMELA mission: heralding a new era in precision cosmic ray physics. Phys Rep. 2014;544:323–70.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Adriani O, Barbarino GC, Bazilevskaya GA, Bellotti R, Boezio M, Bogomolov EA, et al. A statistical procedure for the identification of positrons in the PAMELA experiment. Astropart Phys. 2010;34:1–11.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hassler DM, Zeitlin C, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Böttcher S, Martin C, Andrews J, et al. The radiation assessment detector (RAD) investigation. Space Sci Rev. 2012;170:503–58.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zeitlin C, Hassler DM, Cucinotta FA, Ehresmann B, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Brinza DE, et al. Measurements of energetic particle radiation in transit to Mars on the Mars science laboratory. Science. 2013;340:1080–4.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hassler DM, Zeitlin C, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Ehresmann B, Rafkin S, Eigenbrode JL, et al. Mars’ surface radiation environment measured with the Mars science laboratory’s curiosity rover. Science. 2014;343:1244797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Guo J, Zeitlin C, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Hassler DM, Posner A, Heber B, et al. Variations of dose rate observed by MSL/RAD in transit to Mars. Astron Astrophys. 2015;577:A58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Semkova J, Koleva R. Overview on radiation quantities observed by Liulin-5 instrument in a human phantom on the International Space Station during the minimum of the 23rd solar cycle. C R Acad Bulg Sci. 2010;63:1533–42.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Semkova J, Koleva R, Maltchev S, Benghin V, Shurshakov V, Chernykh I, et al. Preliminary results of Liulin-5 experiment for investigation of the dynamics of radiation doses distribution in a human phantom aboard the International Space Station. C R Acad Bulg Sci. 2008;61:787–94.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reitz G, Berger T, The MATROSHKA Facility—Dose determination during an EVA. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry. 2006;120:442–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Seedhouse
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Aviation SciencesEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical UniversityDaytona BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations