Advertisement

Smart Eco-Cities Are Managing Information Flows in an Integrated Way: The Example of Water, Electricity and Solid Waste

  • Meine Pieter van Dijk
Chapter

Abstract

Smart eco-cities are about managing flows of information in an integrated way. The information may concern the traffic, the people, pollution or the number of enterprises moving in and out of the city. We focus on a classification of cities. Resilient cities is a more defensive concept, while the eco-city concept translates an ambition on what a city should be. We will argue that the smart eco-city concept integrates the two approaches.

In this chapter, the examples of water, electricity and solid waste management will be used to show how cities can be smarter by using the available information differently. It is concluded that different stakeholders and several policy instruments are needed to achieve smart eco-cities and that the large-scale processing of data concerning the metabolism of the city also implies ethical issues of how to deal with privacy and possible misuse of all this information.

Keywords

Smart cities Eco-cities Managing information flows Water Electricity Solid waste Information technology 

References9

  1. Binnenlands Bestuur (2017a). Van uitnodigings- naar uitdagings planologie. Week 24. Journal of the VNG.Google Scholar
  2. Binnenlands Bestuur. (2017b). A special on Green government. July, pp. 38–40.Google Scholar
  3. de Bruijn, C. A. (1987). Monitoring a large squatter area in Dar es Salaam with sequential aerial photography. ITC Journal, 3, 233–238.Google Scholar
  4. Florida, R. (2004). The rise of the creative class. New York: Basic books.Google Scholar
  5. Glaeser, E. L., & Kahn, M. E. (2010). The greenness of cities: Carbon dioxide emissions and urban development. Journal of Urban Economics, 67, 404–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hajer, M., & Dassen, T. (2014). Smart -about- Cities, Visualising the challenge for twenty-first century urbanism. The Hague: nai010/PBL publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Hou, E. (2000). Briefing Paper on Water Governance Structure in Beijing, PRC. http://www.chs.ubc.ca/china/water%20governance.pdf
  8. Jong, M. de. (2016). Delft: Sustainable urban and infrastructure development in China: why intergovernmental relations are the key. Inaugural address at Delft university of technology.Google Scholar
  9. Kenworthy, J. R. (2006). Dimensions for sustainable city development in the Third World. Environment Urbanization, 18, 67–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kitchin, R. (2015). Making sense of smart cities: Addressing present shortcomings. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 8(1), 131–136.  https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsu027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li, H., Gupta, J., & Van Dijk, M. P. (2013). China’s drought strategies in rural areas along the Lancang. Water Policy, 15, 1–18.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2012.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liang, X., & van Dijk, M. P. (2009). Financial and economic feasibility of decentralized waste water reuse systems in Beijing. Water Science and Technology, 61(8), 1965–1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Liang, X., & van Dijk, M. P. (2011). Economic and financial analysis on rainwater harvesting for agricultural irrigation in the rural areas of Beijing. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55, 1100–1109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liang, X., & Van Dijk, M. P. (2012). Beijing, managing water for the eco city of the future. International Journal of Water, 6(3/4), 270–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liang, X., & van Dijk, M. P. (2018). Identification of decisive factors determining the continued use of Rainwater Harvesting Systems for agriculture irrigation in Beijing. In: Rahman (Ed.) Rainwater harvesting: quantity, quality, economics and state regulation. Basel: MDPI. Published in 2015 in Water, an open access journal (ISSN 2073-4441), pp. 61–72.Google Scholar
  16. Mohammed, A. A., & van Dijk, M. P. (2017). Practice and determinants of solid waste collection: The case of private collectors in five ethiopian cities. International Journal of Waste Resources, 7, 2.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000280 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Oduro-Kwarteng, S., & van Dijk, M. P. (2007). Regulatory environment for private sector involvement in solid waste collection in Ghana. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 20(1), 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Paulsson, B. (1992). Urban applications of satellite remote sensing and GIS analysis. Washington: World Bank, Urban Management Programme.Google Scholar
  19. Rotterdam. (2008). Rotterdam, climate proof. Rotterdam: Municipality.Google Scholar
  20. Qiu, L., & van Dijk, M. P. (2014). Water pollution and environmental governance systems of the Tai and Chao Lake Basins in China in an international perspective. International Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 830–842.  https://doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2015.710067, open access.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. The Rockefeller Foundation and ARUP. (2014). City resilience framework. New York: The Rockefeller Foundation and ARUP.Google Scholar
  22. Shrouf, F., & Miragliotta, G. (2015). Energy management based on Internet of Things: Practices and framework for adoption in production management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 100, 235–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Source Water Magazine. (2017). editor@thesourcemagazine.org, consulted 31-8-2017.Google Scholar
  24. Tilaye, M., & van Dijk, M. P. (2014). Private sector participation in solid waste collection in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) by involving micro-enterprises. Waste management & Research, 32(1), 79–87.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X13513826 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Townsend, A. M. (2013). Smart cities: Big data, civic hackers and the question for a new utopia. New York, WW Norton and company, 7-10-2013.Google Scholar
  26. Turkstra, J. (1998). Urban development and geographical information, spatial and temporal patterns of urban development and land values using integrated geo-data, Villavicencio, Colombia. Enschede: ITC Publications.Google Scholar
  27. UN Habitat. (2014). Sustainable city. Nairobi: UN Habitat.Google Scholar
  28. Van der Steen, P., et al. (2010). Switch final report. Delft: UNESCO-IHE.Google Scholar
  29. Van Dijk, M. P., Edelenbos, J., & van Rooijen, K. (Eds.). (2017). Urban governance in the realm of complexity. Warwickshire: Practical Action.Google Scholar
  30. Van Dijk, M. P. (2006). Managing cities in developing countries. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar and the Chinese version. Beijing: Renmin university press.Google Scholar
  31. Van Dijk, M. P. (2009). Ecological cities, illustrated by Chinese examples. In M. A. M. Salih (Ed.), Climate change and sustainable development, new challenges for poverty reduction (pp. 214–233). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  32. Van Dijk, M. P. (2013). Drought policies, the experiences of China and Australia. In: Zhang J. & Voon Phin Keong (Eds.). Climate change and sustainable development in China, policies for mitigation and reactions of farmers in the Yunan province. Enterprise anthropology: applied research and case studies. Beijing: CASS, pp. 237–267.Google Scholar
  33. Van Dijk, M. P. (2014a). Measuring eco cities, comparing European and Asian experiences: Rotterdam versus Beijing. Asia Europe journal.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10308-014-0405-7
  34. Van Dijk, M. P. (2014b). Formal and informal waste collection in Chinese cities, editorial. International Journal of Waste Resources, 4, 3.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000e107 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Van Dijk, M. P. (2015). Analyzing eco-cities by comparing European and Chinese experiences. In T.-C. Wong, S. S. Han, & H. Zhang (Eds.), Population mobility, urban planning and management in China (pp. 189–206). Berlin: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15,257-8_11 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Dijk, M. P. (2016a). Financing the National capital integrated coastal development (NCICD) project in Jakarta (Indonesia) with the private sector. Journal of Coastal Zone Management, 19(4), ISSN: 2473–ISSN: 3350.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2473-3350.1000435 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Van Dijk, M. P. (2016b). Can small countries benefit from the E-waste Global Value Chain? International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 6(1), 1.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000e110 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Van Dijk, M. P. (2017). Smart eco cities, managing information flows in an integrated way, the example of solid waste and waste water. Editorial in the Journal of Waste Resources, 7, 2.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000e111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maastricht School of Management (MSM)MaastrichtNetherlands
  2. 2.International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University RotterdamThe HagueNetherlands
  3. 3.Beijing University of Civil engineering and Architecture (BUCEA)BeijingChina

Personalised recommendations