Intraoperative Cholangiography

  • Matthew B. Bloom
  • Edward H. Phillips


Importance: Intraoperative cholangiography provides a real-time image of the anatomy of the biliary tree for the operating surgeon, which can immediately identify and reduce the overall incidence of iatrogenic injury. It also demonstrates the presence of biliary stones, which can then be removed during the primary surgery. Cholangiography can be performed rapidly if the equipment is organized and the team familiar with the procedure. Knowledge of biliary anatomy variants and the proper interpretation of the radiographic images are essential for the correct performance of the cholangiogram.


Cholangiography Intraoperative care Intraoperative complications Abdominal Bile ducts Cholelithiasis Choledocholithiasis Gallstones Cholecystectomy Laparoscopic 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryCedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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