Modelling the Location of Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles in Urban Areas
This research attempts to develop a model for the optimal location of charging stations and distribution network in urban areas from the point of view of a user of an electric vehicle. The proposed model focuses on the interaction between behaviour of people, urban infrastructure and the power supply system. To evaluate the optimal connection points for charging stations the transportation theory algorithm was used. Having received the final version of the location of the infrastructure at the considered geographical location in the Calculation phase, the low, medium and high penetration demand for charges is estimated. This methodology has been applied to a residential low-voltage system. The main finding of this work is that the number of fast charging stations needed for the urban district is quite low. Also, the results indicate that the increase share of electrical vehicles in the urban road parks leads to a reduction in harmful emissions.
KeywordsElectric vehicle Charging station Location assignment problem
This paper has been supported by the Latvia National Research Programme 2014–2017 “LATENERGI”.
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