Analytical Techniques

  • Sílvio Vaz Jr.


This chapter describes several analytical techniques to be applied in environmental analysis, comprising classical and instrumental techniques, as well as sensors and probes, miniaturized techniques, high-throughput techniques, and bioassays. Additionally, extraction, concentration, and cleanup techniques are described.


Classical techniques Instrumental techniques Sensors and probes Bioassays Sample preparation 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sílvio Vaz Jr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Embrapa Agroenergia, Parque Estação BiológicaBrazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - National Research Center for AgroenergyBrasiliaBrazil

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