Barbarians in the City

  • Francesco M. Bongiovanni


This chapter explores the impact of Islamization and Jihadism on Europe’s open societies. Naïve and permissive, Europe allowed an ideology promoting values and customs opposed to its own to flourish among its minorities, promoting social division. Confusing a religion with a militant ideology is counterproductive and risks alienating the minority’s moderates, who get caught in the middle and who are key to any stabilization effort. An asymmetric war is fought where one side is shackled by its own rules while the other knows no limits. The permissiveness of European authorities exposes the general population to a considerable level of danger. Accommodation doesn’t work and results in ‘self-ghettoized’ communities living in their own world, with their own laws and customs, fragmenting the nation.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco M. Bongiovanni
    • 1
  1. 1.

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