The Awakening

  • Francesco M. Bongiovanni


The unprecedented scale of disruption created by the highly visible refugee tsunami and spectacular terrorist incidents has led ordinary Europeans to place the relationship between host societies and minorities at the forefront of their preoccupations, ahead of traditional concerns such as jobs and the economy. The emergence of a new, powerful post-Berlin Wall ideology that prioritises globalization, social liberalism and inclusiveness over pragmatism and that is impervious to debate created a new class of discontents and enabled the components of the ‘trilogy’ to become overly disruptive. As a result, Europe finds itself more divided and unstable than ever. A reaction was bound to come, as citizens came to mistrust existing political structures and started looking elsewhere for solutions.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco M. Bongiovanni
    • 1
  1. 1.

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