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Introduction

  • Mihai C. Bocarnea
  • Joshua Henson
  • Russell L. Huizing
  • Michael Mahan
  • Bruce E. Winston
Chapter
Part of the Christian Faith Perspectives in Leadership and Business book series (CFPLB)

Abstract

We, the authors, provide statistically validated scales for each of the nine fruit of the Spirit. At present, no studies/books exist that provide statistically validated scales for the fruit of the Spirit, thus this project is a contribution to the theoretical and practitioner literature. These scales provide a useful set of measurement tools for human resource training and development programs, as well as for individuals to self-evaluate their level of each of the nine fruit of the spirit. In the book, we provide forms that evaluate the nine fruit from the perspectives of self, peers, subordinates, and superiors. The authors will present examples of radar charts that can be used to see a comprehensive 360-degree profile.

References

  1. Boice (1976). Galatians. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Vol. 10 (Ed. F. E. Gaebelein). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House.Google Scholar
  2. deVellis (2017). Scale Development Theory and Applications (4th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
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  4. Hansen (1993). “Galatians.” In G. F. Hawthorne & R. P. Martin (Eds.) Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Trauffer, H., Bekker, C., Bocarnea, M., and Winston, B. (2010). A Three-Factor Measure of Discernment. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal 31(3). 263–284.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihai C. Bocarnea
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joshua Henson
    • 3
  • Russell L. Huizing
    • 4
  • Michael Mahan
    • 2
  • Bruce E. Winston
    • 2
  1. 1.Regent UniversityVirginia BeachUSA
  2. 2.Regent UniversityChesapeakeUSA
  3. 3.Regent UniversityOcalaUSA
  4. 4.Toccoa Falls CollegeClarkesvilleUSA

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