Open Dialogue as Coupling of Psychic, Social and Creative Systems

  • Takashi IbaEmail author
  • Masafumi Nagai
  • Tsuyoshi Ishida
Part of the Studies on Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and Industrial Dynamics book series (ESID)


In this paper, we study Open Dialogue, a psychiatric programme developed in Western Lapland, Finland, with the theory of autopoietic systems. Although originally developed as a psychiatric programme, we anticipate that the approach can be applied to not only psychotherapy but also educational and organisational situations as a way of “collaborative problem dissolution,” because it is based on the philosophy of dialogism, which is not limited to psychotherapy. In an attempt to apply it in a more general context, we study the function of Open Dialogue in a higher level of abstraction with concepts of systems theories, i.e. the Social Systems Theory and Creative Systems Theory. Our consideration implies that Open Dialogue can be understood well through a combination of chain of consciousness in the psychic system, chain of communication in the social system and chain of discovery in the creative system.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Policy ManagementKeio UniversityFujisawaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Media and GovernanceKeio UniversityFujisawaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Environment and Information StudiesKeio UniversityFujisawaJapan

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