Migrants and Sustainable Development of the Host Community: Is Russia’s Far East Ready for External Migration?
The objective of the work was to find out any changes in the processes of migration in the subjects of Russia’s Far East and the priority level of the regional authorities’ actions for adapting and integrating migrants within the context of sustainable development of the receiving community. The objective has been conditioned using the qualitative method of the research – the expert survey of representatives of the state authorities and the public in nine regions of Russia’s Far East. In the paper, evaluation of dynamics of change of such important indicators of migration as ethnic identity, cultural assimilation, professional qualification of migrants, and the migrants’ knowledge of the Russian language is shown against the background of evaluating the integration capacity of the receiving community. As a result, the research gives evidence of a high level of multinational (interethnic) solidarity and tolerance maintained in the receiving community of the regions of Russia’s Far East, although the positive migrants’ quality growth is low. It has been found out that citizens of the Far Eastern regions feature a weak level of readiness for integration yet it is higher than that of the migrants. The high growth of ethnic identity of the external migrants introduces tension into the condition of multinational relations and tolerance. In spite of the trends revealed, the questions of managing the migrants’ adaptation are reported by representatives of both the regional authorities and the public as not high-priority ones for regional authorities of the subjects of Russia in the Far East. Special reinforcement for managing the questions of the migrants’ adaptation and integration is necessary in regions having a high external migration level.
The research has been performed with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation under the project “Receiving community: the problems of migrants’ integration within the context of formation of the civil nation,” No. 16-13-14001.
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