Experimental Validation of Pilot Situation Awareness Enhancement Through Transparency Design of a Scalable Mixed-Initiative Mission Planner

  • Fabian SchmittEmail author
  • Gunar Roth
  • Daniel Barber
  • Jessie Chen
  • Axel Schulte
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 722)


This study focuses on the increase of situation awareness (SA) in human-agent mixed-initiative mission planning. Complex agent behavior and the failure to comprehend the agent’s proposed actions might result in a loss of SA and a decrease in trust. This study adopted the transparency strategies proposed by the SA-based Agent Transparency (SAT) model to improve the human operator’s perception, comprehension, and projection of the agent’s interventions. The concept was applied to prototype of a planning associate for multi-vehicle mission planning. A human-in-the-loop experiment revealed a higher SA and performance. Subjective trust measures could not verify a change in operator’s trust in the agent. The results and the potential for further research are discussed.


Adaptive associate systems Human factors Human-systems integration Mixed-initiative Scalable autonomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabian Schmitt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gunar Roth
    • 1
  • Daniel Barber
    • 2
  • Jessie Chen
    • 3
  • Axel Schulte
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Bundeswehr MunichNeubibergGermany
  2. 2.University of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.U.S. Army Research LaboratoryOrlandoUSA

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