Eye Movements and Lie Detection

  • Yulia V. BessonovaEmail author
  • Alexander A. Oboznov
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 722)


Accurate value-driven attention and lie detection are crucial for psychodiagnostics. Eye-tracking could be a way to improve the reliability and validity of psychological research. Benefits of eye-tracking are its non-invasive, speed recording, consciousness control proof. The first aim was to search for markers of attention to meaningful stimuli. Specifics markers and gaze patterns of value driven attention were found in contrast to the attention of neutral or composed-indented stimulus. The second aim was to find eye movements’ markers of deception. We found a stable complex of markers for reliably lie detection which is stimulus’ and deception’ type free. Also, specific markers allow differentiate any kinds of deception. Selected deception markers together with “value-driven” markers formed the basis of truth-or-lie detection technology for psychological testing. The special software has been developed what measure background of an individual response rate and allow to set flexible criteria for identifying false responses.


Eye tracking Eye movement Lie detection Types of deception Software 



This research was sponsored by grant from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) according to the research project № 15-06-10675a.


  1. 1.
    Ekman, P.: Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marriage. Norton, New York (1992)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ioffe, S., Yesin, S., Afanasjev, B.: The role of subconscious effects during the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder with alcohol dependencies in military personnel. Polygraph J. 36(3), 133–148 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jarrett, C.: The polygraph on trial. Psychol. 2(2), 104–105 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vrij, A.: Detecting Lies and Deceit: Pitfalls and Opportunities, 2nd edn. Wiley, Chichester (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Walsh, D., Bull, R.: The association between interview skills, questioning and evidence disclosure strategies, and interview outcomes. Psychol. Crime Law 21, 661–680 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cook, A.E., Hacker, D.J., Webb, A.K., Osher, D., Kristjansson, S., Woltz, D.J., Kircher, J.C.: Lyin’ eyes: ocular-motor measures of reading reveal deception. Exp. Psychol. 18(3), 301–313 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kovalev, A., Luniakova, E., Menshikova, G.: The method of lie detection during face recognition using eye tracking. J. Eye Mov. Res. 8(4), 195 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Naganuma, S., Ochi, K.: Examination of a presentation method for eye movement in the concealed information test. Int. J. Psychol. 51, 302 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lubow, R.E., Fein, O.: Pupillary size in response to a visual guilty knowledge test: New technique for the detection of deception. J. Exp. Psychol. Appl. 2, 164–177 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, T.J.: Pupil Dilation and Eye-tracking: A handbook of process tracing methods for decision research: A critical review and user’s guide. Psychology Press, NY (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Serras, P.M., Cozijn, R., Postma, E., Shahid, S., Swerts, M.: Comparing a perceptual and an automated vision-based method for lie detection in younger children. Front. Psychol. 12(7), 1936 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Scott, G.: Emotion word processing: evidence from electrophysiology, eye movements and decision making. Submitted for the degree of Ph.D. to the Higher Degree Committee of the Faculty of Information of Mathematical Sciences, University of Glasgow (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bessonova, Y.V., Oboznov, A.A., Petrovich, D.L., Murasheva, O.V., Almayev, N.A.: Oculomotor markers of the visual attention to important stimuli. Int. J. Psychophysiology 108, 94–95 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vieira, K.M., Lane, S.M.: How you lie affects what you remember. J. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn. 2, 173–178 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Алмаев Н.А. Применение контент-анализа в исследованиях личности. М.: Изд-во Институт психологии РАН (2012). Almayev, N.A.: Content analysis in research of personality. Institute of Psychology, Moscow (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations