War and Peace in the 21st Century
To produce an analysis relevant to peace research, we need to clarify what war is like today and how it differs from wars in the immediate past. The international struggle for peace during the post-war period highlighted the dangers of both nuclear and conventional war between the two superpowers. In fact, during the long period of the ‘Cold War’ between ‘democracy’ and ‘communism’, which is when most of the various armed national liberation movements came into being, some were directly or indirectly linked to ‘communist’ powers and others to the liberation of the ‘third world’; these movements culminated in the Bandung conference of non-aligned powers in April 1955.
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