Advertisement

A Study on the Environmental Behaviour of Chilean Citizens

  • Nicolás C. Bronfman
  • Pamela C. Cisternas
  • Esperanza López-Vázquez
Chapter
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 23)

Abstract

The way in which societies have evolved has resulted in serious deterioration of the current state of the environment. If we want to stop it, it is essential to understand the variables that influence people’s pro-environmental behaviours. In this chapter we describe the results of a study that characterized the pro-environmental behaviour of the citizens of Santiago, the capital of Chile, through the implementation of the Value-Belief-Norm model developed by Stern et al. (Hum Ecol Rev 6:81–98, 1999). Six dimensions of pro-environmental behaviour were evaluated: energy conservation, water conservation, consumption, biodiversity, waste and transport. The results suggest that the population has an ecological vision for the environment, being aware of the current environmental problems and recognising the responsibility that falls on the government, enterprises and households regarding the protection of the environment. Implications for enhancing pro-environmental behaviour are discussed.

Keywords

Environmental behaviour Environmental attitudes Environmental management 

References

  1. Aguilar-Luzón, M.C., García-Martínez, J.M.Á., Monteoliva-Sánchez, A., de Lecea, J.M.S.M. (2006). El modelo del valor, las normas y las creencias hacia el medio ambiente en la predicción de la conducta ecológica. Medio Ambiente y Comportamiento Humano, 7(2), 21–44.Google Scholar
  2. Aguilar-Luzón, M.C., Monteoliva, A., García, J.M.A. (2005). Influencia de las normas, los valores, las creencias ambientales responsables y la conducta pasada sobre la intención de reciclar. Medio Ambiente y Comportamiento Humano: Revista Internacional de Psicología Ambiental, 6(1), 23–36.Google Scholar
  3. Bamberg, S., & Möser, G. (2007). Twenty years after Hines, Hungerford, and Tomera: A new meta-analysis of psycho-social determinants of pro-environmental behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(1), 14–25.Google Scholar
  4. Calvo Salguero, A., Aguilar Luzón, M.C., Berrios Martos, P. (2008). El comportamiento ecológico responsable: un análisis desde los valores biosféricos, sociales-altruistas y egoístas. Revista Electrónica de Investigación y Docencia (REID)(1), 11–25.Google Scholar
  5. Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (2014). Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests. http://www.cepf.net/resources/hotspots/South-America/Pages/Chilean-Winter-Rainfall-Valdivian-Forests.aspx. Accessed 4 February 2013.
  6. del Carmen Aguilar-Luzón, M., García-Martínez, J.M.Á., Monteoliva-Sánchez, A., de Lecea, J.M.S.M. (2006). El modelo del valor, las normas y las creencias hacia el medio ambiente en la predicción de la conducta ecológica. Medio Ambiente y Comportamiento Humano, 7(2), 21–44.Google Scholar
  7. Dunlap, R.E., Van Liere, K.D., Mertig, A.G., Jones, R.E. (2002). New trends in measuring environmental attitudes: measuring endorsement of the new ecological paradigm: a revised NEP scale. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 425–442.Google Scholar
  8. Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. (2015). Actualización de población 2002–2012 y proyecciones 2013–2020. Retrieved from http://www.ine.cl/estadisticas/demograficas-y-vitales.
  9. Johansson, M., Rahm, J., & Gyllin, M. (2013). Landowners’ participation in biodiversity conservation examined through the Value-Belief-Norm theory. Landscape Research, 38(3), 295–311.Google Scholar
  10. Kaiser, F.G. (1998). A General Measure of Ecological Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28(5), 395–422.Google Scholar
  11. Kaiser, F.G., Doka, G., Hofstetter, P., Ranney, M.A. (2003). Ecological behavior and its environmental consequences: a life cycle assessment of a self-report measure. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(1), 11–20.Google Scholar
  12. Kaiser, F.G., Hübner, G., Bogner, F.X. (2005). Contrasting the Theory of Planned Behavior With the Value-Belief-Norm Model in Explaining Conservation Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35(10), 2150–2170.Google Scholar
  13. Menzel, S., & Bogeholz, S. (2010). Values, Beliefs and Norms that Foster Chilean and German Pupils’ Commitment to Protect Biodiversity. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 5(1), 31–49.Google Scholar
  14. Ministry of Environment of Chile. (2011). Informe del Estado del Medio Ambiente.Google Scholar
  15. Schultz, P. (2002). New Environmental Theories: Empathizing With Nature: The Effects of Perspective Taking on Concern for Environmental Issues. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 391–406.Google Scholar
  16. Stern, P.C. (1999). Information, incentives, and pro-environmental consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Policy, 22(4), 461–478.Google Scholar
  17. Stern, P.C. (2000). Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 407–424.Google Scholar
  18. Stern, P. C., Dietz, T., Abel, T., Guagnano, G. A., Kalof, L. (1999). A value-belief-norm theory of support for social movements: The case of environmentalism. Human Ecology Review, 6(2), 81–98.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolás C. Bronfman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pamela C. Cisternas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Esperanza López-Vázquez
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering SciencesUniversidad Andres BelloSantiagoChile
  2. 2.National Research Centre for Integrated Natural Disaster ManagementSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Centre of Transdisciplinary Research in PsychologyUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MorelosCuernavacaMexico

Personalised recommendations