Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Youth

Chapter

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes, once considered a disease restricted to adults, has increased in prevalence in childhood, largely due to the obesity epidemic in youth. This disease represents a serious public health issue as it is associated with significant comorbidities and complications even when compared with adults with the same disease and children with type 1 diabetes. Presently, metformin and insulin are the only two medications approved for use in children and little is known about the prevention of type 2 diabetes in youth. There is an urgent need for a better understanding of the underlying biology of the disease in youth and for the development of effective preventative and therapeutic strategies.

Keywords

Type 2 diabetes Obesity Insulin resistance Lifestyle intervention Metformin Insulin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Modified from previous edition version by Cosimo Giannini M.D., Ph.D. and Sonia Caprio M.D.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and DiabetesUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Pediatric Diabetes CenterMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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