Advertisement

Fear

  • David Roas
Chapter

Abstract

The fantastic destroys our conception of reality and puts us into instability and therefore into total anxiety. But fear, anxiety, aroused by the fantastic is a very special experience: it is an impression, although usually manifested in the characters, it directly affects the receiver, since this occurs when our idea of reality is subverted. To clarify the relationship between the fantastic and fear, it will be useful to refer to the distinction between physical fear and metaphysical fear. The first of them is related to physical threats, death and the materially horrifying. The term metaphysical fear refers to an impression unique to the fantastic, which may be suffered by the characters but is aimed directly at the receiver as it takes hold when our convictions regarding the real cease to function.

Keywords

Fear Physical fear Metaphysical fear 

Bibliography

Literary Works and Films

  1. Critical WorksGoogle Scholar
  2. Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo. 1994. Leyendas. Ed. Joan Estruch. Barcelona: Crítica.Google Scholar
  3. Borges, Jorge Luis. 1988. Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius. In Ficciones, 13–36. Madrid: Alianza.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 2003b. El libro de arena. Madrid: Alianza.Google Scholar
  5. Mamoulian, Rouben. 1931. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Paramount Pictures.Google Scholar
  6. Medak, Peter. 1980. The Changeling. Chessman Park Productions.Google Scholar
  7. Alazraki, Jaime. 2001. ¿Qué es lo neofantástico? In Teorías de lo fantástico, ed. David Roas, 265–282. Madrid: Arco/Libros.Google Scholar
  8. Bauman, Zigmunt. 2006. Liquid Fear. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  9. Borges, Jorge Luis. 1989. Sobre los clásicos. In Otras inquisiciones, 189–191. Madrid: Alianza.Google Scholar
  10. Bourke, Joanna. 2005. Fear: A Cultural History. London: Virago.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2002. El sentimiento de lo fantástico y sus efectos. In Lo fantástico: literatura y subversión, ed. David Roas, 35–40. Monograph Issue of Journal Quimera, 218–219.Google Scholar
  12. Carroll, Noël. 1990. The Philosophy of Horror or Paradoxes of the Heart. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Delumeau, Jean. 1978. La peur en Occident (XIVe-XVIIIe siècles). Une cité assiégée. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 1919. The Uncanny. In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, vol. XVII, ed. & trans. James Strachey, 219–252. London: Hogarth. 1953.Google Scholar
  15. González Bermejo, Ernesto. 1981. Conversaciones con Cortázar. Barcelona: Edhasa.Google Scholar
  16. Jackson, Rosemary. 1981. Fantasy, the Literature of Subversion. New York: New Accents.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lovecraft, Howard Phillips. 1927. In The Supernatural Horror in Literature, ed. E.F. Bleiler. New York: Dover. 1973.Google Scholar
  18. Prego, Omar. 1985. La fascinación de las palabras: conversaciones con Julio Cortázar. Barcelona: Muchnik.Google Scholar
  19. Rank, Otto. 1914. El doble. Buenos Aires: Orión. 1976.Google Scholar
  20. Reisz, Susana. 2001. Las ficciones fantásticas y sus relaciones con otros tipos ficcionales. In Teorías de lo fantástico, ed. David Roas, 193–221. Madrid: Arco/Libros.Google Scholar
  21. ———. 2005. Entre la alucinación y el símbolo (Claves para la reconstrucción de un ars phantastica borgeana). Hueso Húmero 46: 39–53.Google Scholar
  22. ———. 2006. Hacia una teoría sobre el miedo y lo fantástico. Semiosis (México) II (3): 95–116.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 2012. Mutaciones posmodernas: del vampiro depredador a la naturalización del monstruo. Letras & Letras (Revista do Instituto de Letras e Linguística da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brasil), 28 (2): 441–455.Google Scholar
  24. ———. 2014b. El monstruo posmoderno y los límites de lo fantástico. In (Re)Visões do Fantastico: do centro às margens; caminos cruzados. Flavio García, Maria Cristina Batalha y Regina Michelli (orgs.), 107–120. Rio de Janeiro: Dialogarts.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 2018. El monstruo fantástico posmoderno: entre la anomalía y la domesticación. Revista de Literatura, in press.Google Scholar
  26. Todorov, Tzvetan. 1970. Introduction à la littérature fantastique. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  27. Vax, Louis. 1960. L’Art et la littérature fantatiques. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Roas
    • 1
  1. 1.Literary Theory and Comparative LiteratureUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations