Acute Kidney Injury Risk Prediction
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is considered one of the most common complications of acute illness, with a substantial impact on patient outcome and hospital costs [1, 2, 3]. It has been reported that higher severity of AKI is associated with more severe short‐ and long‐term mortality and morbidities. In many cases, AKI is a preventable disease. In a recent study, protocolized intervention after cardiac surgery was associated with a considerable reduction in the incidence of AKI . Appropriate preventive measures need to be given in a time‐sensitive manner. A delay in recognition and intervention may result in progression of injury and increase the risk of death, the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), and likelihood of chronic kidney disease .
Currently, the diagnosis of AKI is based on two functional biomarkers of the kidney: serum creatinine and urinary output . Unfortunately, both of these biomarkers have substantial shortcomings in the timely recognition...
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