Predictors of Psychological Health in Myasthenia Gravis

Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)

Abstract

The chapter examines mental health in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Relatively few investigational studies have explored this area of patient care, with the most rigorous studies centered on cognitive manifestations. These studies reveal cognitive difficulties in a subset of patients, with a strong correspondence to mental fatigue. A small number of studies report elevated anxiety in MG but no major increase in depression, and no studies have clearly linked mental health with disease onset or progression. Ongoing disease severity is only modestly correlated with psychological distress and quality of life, though individuals with greater physical disability report more severe disruption in daily living activities. The chapter reviews four key predictors of psychological well-being in chronic disease (uncertainty, control, illness intrusiveness, social support) and pathways to optimize these factors in the clinical setting. Professionals involved in the care of MG play an important role in facilitating the mental health and quality of life of their patients. Incorporating mental health assessment and support into routine clinical practice empowers patients to achieve the best possible outcomes and life quality.

Keywords

Myasthenia gravis Fatigue Cognition Neuropsychology Social support Quality of life Psychological health Uncertainty in illness Illness intrusiveness Perceived control 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Missouri Institute of Mental HealthBerkleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological SciencesUniversity of Missouri, St. LouisSaint LouisUSA

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