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Rural Health Disparities: The Political Economy

  • Monica M. Taylor
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Public Health book series (BRIEFSPUBLIC)

Abstract

Disparate health outcomes among persons who reside in rural areas, irrespective of culture, religion or racial and ethnic composition, has been reported elsewhere, and rather abundantly in the scientific literature (Hartley 2004; Crosby, 2012). Geographical variations instigate excess morbidity and mortality in rural areas and is a phenomenality salient in both international and national settings. Hence, the need to conjure up a theoretical foundation is imminent, to identify underlying causes for persistent health disparities in this region.

This book will not echo existing research or provide a review on the plight of rural health, but rather, attempts to describe this issue from a different school of thought – the political economy. The political economy is concerned with relations between the polity, economic events and its influence on social conditions. The ideologies that manifest from this relationship precludes the economic decision-making of the polity and any subsequent policies that may permit any form of resource allocation to citizens. The relationship between both structures affects an unspoken economic arrangement, including the degree in which resources are available based on such arrangements. Given this theoretical stance, this chapter describes rural health disparities in the context of the political economy perspective.

Keywords

Political economy Rural health disparities Marxism Capitalism Redistribution Profit maximization Capital accumulation Laissez faire Spatial inequality Multinationals 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica M. Taylor
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Colorado State University – Global CampusFaculty-Healthcare Administration and BusinessGreenwood VillageUSA
  2. 2.University of Maryland-University CollegeAdjunct Full Professor-Health Services ManagementAdelphiUSA

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