Regulatory Framework of Wind Power in Brazil

  • Vinicius Fonseca SoaresEmail author


Wind energy is a strategic field for Brazil as it represents a sustainable alternative as well as a complementary source to the hydropower plants. The first wind power plants were built in Brazil as from 1994, however only in the last decade the technology has gained scale with the implementation of the PROINFA program. In the context of the current energy regulatory framework, the development of the sector took place mainly in view of public energy auctions, but nowadays wind technology can compete with other sources of energy. This chapter aims to present an overview of the wind power sector in Brazil since the PROINFA program, and also the main challenges and opportunities faced by the sector.



The author acknowledges the contribution of Humberto Negrão for his critical insights about the energy regulatory issues and of Mary Swanson for the revision of the final text.


  1. Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica – ANEEL (2005) Atlas de energia Elétrica do Brasil. ANEEL, Brasília.
  2. Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica – ANEEL (2012) Administrative procedure 48500.002885/2012-19Google Scholar
  3. Araújo MSM, Freitas MAV (2008) Acceptance of renewable energy innovation in Brazil: case study of wind energy. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 12:584–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Associação Brasileira de Energia Eólica – ABEEólica (2014) Boletim anual de energia eólica 2014.
  5. Associação Brasileira de Energia Eólica – ABEEólica (2015) Boletim de dados setembro 2015.
  6. Barroso LA, Azuela GE (2011) Design and performance of policy instruments to promote the development of renewable energy: emerging experience in selected developing countries. Energy and Mining Sector Board Discussion Paper. World Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  7. Barroso LA, Maurer LTA (2011) Electricity auctions: an overview of efficient practices. World Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  8. Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Elétrica – CEPEL (2001) Atlas do potencial eólico brasileiro. CEPEL, Brasília. Accessed 18 Oct 2017Google Scholar
  9. Dutra RM, Szklo AS (2006) Incentive policies for promoting wind power production in Brazil: scenarios for the Alternative Energy Sources Incentive Program (PROINFA) under the New Brazilian electric power sector regulation. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 33:65–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Evans A, Strezov V, Evans TJ (2009) Assessment of sustainability for renewable energy technologies. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13(5):1082–1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Juárez AA, Araújo AM, Rohatgi JS, de Oliveira Filho OD (2014) Development of the wind power in Brazil: political, social and technical issues. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 39:828–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ministério de Minas e Energia (2003) Modelo institucional do setor elétrico.
  13. Ringer NJ. Desafios do setor de energia eólica no Brasil: uma abordagem sistêmica. (Unpublished master thesis), Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.
  14. Tribunal de Contas da União – TCU (2014) Administrative Procedure 017.421/2013-6, 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de DireitoUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations