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Main Issues of Biomass Energy Regulation in Brazil

  • José GoldembergEmail author
  • Fernando Rei
Chapter

Abstract

Biomass contributes a significant share to the domestic energy supply in Brazil. The percentage of renewables in the Brazilian energy mix is one of the highest in the world as a result of the contribution of hydropower and biomass. The challenge now is to keep this share at a high level while it is being threatened by the decrease in hydropower production and the increase in the use of thermal power plants that run on fossil fuels. The prospect to revert such scenario involves the production of biomass, particularly from sugarcane. The legal framework established in Brazil in the last few decades allows for the expansion of the production of renewable energies. Over the past 15 years, legal, environmental, and economic aspects have led to the mechanization of the harvest, eliminating the use of sugarcane fires in the State of São Paulo. However, the importance of biomass energy still demands new legal instruments as well as a review of the existing ones so to build up a stable regulatory system. This chapter describes the Brazilian experience on regulatory issues related to biomass energy, ethanol, cogeneration, and charcoal and firewood production.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Energia e AmbienteUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Católica de Santos|Fundação Armando Alvares PenteadoSão PauloBrazil

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