3D Visual Glossary of Terminology in Root and Root Canal Anatomy

  • Marco A. Versiani
  • Jorge N. R. Martins
  • Bettina Basrani


The study of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion provides one of the basic components of the skills needed to practice all phases of dentistry. The first step in understanding dental anatomy is to learn the nomenclature and terminology used to describe or classify the material included in this subject. While terminology is an established basis for communication, anatomical terminology serves as a base for the description of the human body, not only for educational and forensic purposes but, above all, for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Therefore, definitions and explanations of terms used in descriptive root and root canal anatomy are the foundation for understanding the subject matter presented in the other chapters of this book. The purpose of this chapter is to use 3D high-resolution images to illustrate and define several terminologies associated with root canal anatomy.


Anatomy Endodontics Glossary Root Root canal Terminology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco A. Versiani
    • 1
  • Jorge N. R. Martins
    • 2
  • Bettina Basrani
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Dental School of LisbonUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Endodontic Program, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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