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Sorption Methods in Rehabilitation of Radioactively Contaminated Lands Using Surface-Modified Sorbents Based on Natural Aluminosilicates

Chapter

Abstract

Sorption method is a prospective technique for rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated lands including decontamination of natural waters and soils from radionuclides and decrease of radionuclides transfer into agricultural vegetation. Sorbents being used for rehabilitation should meet special demands. This chapter systematizes data on characteristics of surface-modified ferrocyanide sorbents based on natural aluminosilicates (glauconite and clinoptilolite) that is important for using these sorbent for rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated lands. Furthermore, the chapter gives the evaluation of distribution coefficients of cesium and strontium at various concentration ranges, static exchange capacity, capacity of frayed edge site (FES), selectivity of sorption in presence of K+ and Cs/Na separation factors, radiocesium interception potentials in presence of potassium (RIP(K)), chemical stability of sorbents against cesium leaching, ecological safety of sorbents use as well as cesium transfer decrease factors for the case of cesium transfer from a soil to an agricultural vegetation. The high effectiveness of the NPF-Cl and NPF-Gl sorbents is shown.

Keywords

Radioactive contaminated lands Rehabilitation Sorbents Remediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radiochemistry and Applied Ecology Department, Physical Technology InstituteUral Federal UniversityEkaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Institut für Radioökologie und Strahlenschutz (IRS)Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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