Factors and Barriers of Inbound International Student Mobility in Russia
Global integration and globalization in politics, economics and culture expand international contacts and result in higher education internationalization through export of educational programs and academic mobility. International student mobility is a complex, controversial and dynamic process. There is more global data on inbound than outbound student mobility. According to UNESCO Institute of Statistics, the number of internationally mobile students more than doubled from 2 to 4.3 million in the period between 1999 and 2014. Russia hosts 5% of the total number of mobile students; most of them come from Asia, the region which traditionally demonstrates the highest interest in and demand for the Russian higher education. The paper aims at distinguishing the pull factors and barriers (push factors) of inbound international student mobility in Russia by summarizing the experience of one of the leading engineering universities through analyzing the statistics and sociological survey results. The authors draw their conclusions on inbound academic mobility dynamics and give their recommendations on improving its intensity.
KeywordsHigher education internationalization Inbound international student mobility Students
The research was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project #15-26-09001 “Development and Implementation of a Network Interaction Model for Regional Universities of Vietnam and Russia for Internationalization of Engineering Education”.
- 2.Valeeva, R.: Academic mobility is the main tool of the intercultural competence development of engineering students and scholars in China and Russia. In: Proceedings of 2013 International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2013 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICL.2013.6644721
- 3.Caruso, R., De Wit, H.: Determinants of mobility of students in europe empirical evidence for the period 1998–2009. J. Stud. Int. Educ., 19(3) (2015). https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315314563079
- 4.UNESCO Institute for Statistics: Total inbound internationally mobile students. http://uis.unesco.org/indicator/edu-mobility-in-total. Accessed 20 May 2017
- 5.Ziyatdinova, J., Bezrukov, A., Sukhristina, A., Sanger, P.A.: Development of a networking model for internationalization of engineering universities and its implementation for the Russia-Vietnam partnership. In: Paper Presented at 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 2016. https://doi.org/10.18260/p.26808
- 6.Sukhristina, A.S., Ziyatdinova J.N., Kochnev A.M.: [Networking as a Form of Internationalization in Education: Case Study of KNRTU]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher Education in Russia], no. 11, pp. 103–110 (2016). (in Russ., abstract in Eng.)Google Scholar
- 7.Kraysman, N.V., Valeeva, E.E.: Integration of KNRTU into the world community as an example of cooperation with France. In: Proceedings of 2014 International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2014 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICL.2014.7017886
- 8.Zolotoreva N.M., Oleynikova O.N.: [VET development in the context of internationalization]. Vestnik of Tver State Universty. Seriya; Pedagogika i Psikhologiya [Bulletin of Tver State University. Pedagogy and Psychology], no. 4, pp. 121–132 (2015). (In Russ., abstract in Eng.)Google Scholar
- 9.Gorodetskaya, I.M., Shageeva, F.T., Khramov, V.Y.: Development of cross-cultural competence of engineering students as one of the key factors of academic and labor mobility. In: Proceedings of 2015 International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2015, pp. 141–145 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICL.2015.7318015/SourceScopus
- 10.Ziyatdinova, J.N., Osipov, P.N., Bezrukov, A.N.: Global challenges and problems of Russian engineering education modernization. In: Proceedings of 2015 International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning, ICL 2015 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICL.2015.7318061
- 11.Ziyatdinova, J., Bezrukov, A., Sanger, P.A., Osipov, P.: Best practices of engineering education internationalization in a Russian Top-20 University. In: Paper presented at 2016 ASEE International Forum, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 2016. https://peer.asee.org/27236
- 12.Russian Federal State Statistics Service: All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1 (2010). (in Russian). Accessed 29 June 2012Google Scholar
- 13.Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. Informatsionnoanaiticheskiye materialy po rezultatam provedeniya monitorings effektivnosti deyatelnosti obrazovatelnyh organizatsiy vysshego obrazovaniya [Information and Analysis on the Results of Monitoring the Efficiency of Higher Educational Institutions] (in Russian). http://indicators.miccedu.ru/monitoring/_vpo/material.php?type=2&id=10608