Traditions and Experience in Studying Metric Intellect in Students

  • Marina V. Olennikova
  • Pavel M. Kasyanik
  • Elena B. Gulk
  • Konstantin P. Zakharov
  • Viktor N. Kruglikov
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 716)

Abstract

Intellectual activity is the leading employment for the students. The success of learning depends on the intellectual level, while there is a reciprocal influence of the learning process on the development of the students’ intellectual potential. This research was performed with the purpose of comparing the level and structural parameters of intellect in modern Russian students and in the students of the ‘70s. We also compared the intellectual parameters of modern students in the engineering and liberal arts education, as well as the gender specific difference. The study was based on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) method, and involved 1,040 students of Russian universities. It was discovered that no significant difference exists between the integral full-scale IQ parameters of the modern students and the students of the ‘70s, while there is a significant difference in the structural parameters determined by the educational specialty. We have come to a conclusion that the professional orientation has a stronger effect on the intellectual level and structure than the gender identity.

Keywords

Metric intellect Special intellectual abilities Professional area 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina V. Olennikova
    • 1
  • Pavel M. Kasyanik
    • 1
  • Elena B. Gulk
    • 1
  • Konstantin P. Zakharov
    • 1
  • Viktor N. Kruglikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic UniversitySt. PetersburgRussian Federation

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