Elements of Gamification in Virtual Learning Environments

A Systematic Review
  • Marcos Mincov Tenório
  • Francisco Antonio Fernandes Reinaldo
  • Lourival Aparecido Góis
  • Rui Pedro Lopes
  • Guataçara dos Santos Junior
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 716)


Information technologies have introduced several changes in teaching and learning environments. In this scenario, the gamification technique emerges as a promising approach, considering the impact on the students’ motivation and appealing to their participation. This paper describes a systematic review addressing gamification in virtual learning environments (VLE), presenting an overview on how gamification has been applied in these scenarios. This review was based on papers published in highly scored journals in the field of computers in education. The papers were selected according to the gamification theme, and the content was analyzed and a state of the art built, according to the retrieved qualitative data. The results seem to reveal that there are significant gains derived from the adoption of gamification in VLE. However, some gains are not unanimous and it depends on how the elements are applied. This paper also suggests a basis for future work aiming at applying gamification in a VLE.


Gamification Virtual learning environments Systematic review 



This work was supported by the CAPES PDSE program at the UTFPR and IPB. Financed by CAPES - Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education within the Ministry of Education of Brazil.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcos Mincov Tenório
    • 1
  • Francisco Antonio Fernandes Reinaldo
    • 2
  • Lourival Aparecido Góis
    • 1
  • Rui Pedro Lopes
    • 3
  • Guataçara dos Santos Junior
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Tecnológica Federal do ParanáPonta GrossaBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Tecnológica Federal do ParanáFrancisco BeltrãoBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto Politécnico de BragançaBragançaPortugal

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