Ballistic Range Experiment of Shock Stand-Off Distance for Spheres in Air with Flight Speeds Between 5.08 and 6.49 km/s

  • Liao Dongjun
  • Sen Liu
  • Hexiang Jian
  • Xie Aimin
  • Zonghao Wang
  • Jie Huang
Conference paper


To measure the shock stand-off distance for spheres with flight speeds above 5 km/s in air and provide experimental data for validation of theory and numerical methods, measurement of shock stand-off distance for hypersonic sphere has been conducted in the hypervelocity ballistic range of China Aerodynamic Research and Development Center. The measurement was made for spheres with diameters of 8, 10, 12 and 15 mm, flight speeds between 5.08 and 6.49 km/s, and ambient pressures between 1.5 and 6.3 kPa. The shock stand-off distance was measured using transient shadowgraph and schlieren. The measurement error was analyzed and found to be between about ±3\(\%\) and ±8\(\%\). Under present test conditions, the flow near the stagnation point is speculated to be primarily nonequilibrium. The shock stand-off distance near stagnation point increases as the binary scaling parameter \(\rho \)R increases. The data match well with previous investigations of similar conditions. Different values of \(\rho \)R may have different influence on the state of the flow with different speed near the stagnation point.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liao Dongjun
    • 1
  • Sen Liu
    • 1
  • Hexiang Jian
    • 1
  • Xie Aimin
    • 1
  • Zonghao Wang
    • 1
  • Jie Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.China Aerodynamics Research and Development CenterHypervelocity Aerodynamics InstituteMianyangPeople’s Republic of China

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