Legalize, Regulate, or Prohibit? Public Policy Dilemmas
- 468 Downloads
This chapter examines the different policy options to address the drug problem. I discuss the merit and pitfall of three different polices. The first is legalization, which sometimes takes the form of a broad decriminalization of the different phases. The second is regulation that refers to legal measures aimed at monitoring and controlling the circulation of illegal drugs without actually legalizing (i.e., maintaining prohibition). Finally, prohibition means making drugs illegal, directing law enforcement resources toward eliminating the market for drugs, and sanctioning different actors involved in the business. I analyzed the implications of each policy.
- Allen L, Trace M, Klein A (2011) Decriminalization of drugs in Portugal: a current review. The Beckley Foundation Drug Policy Programme Drugscope, Briefing paper vol 6Google Scholar
- Carnevale and associates (2009) “The Continued Standstill in Reducing Illicit Drug Use,” Policy Brief at www.carnevaleassociates.com/publications.html.
- Caulkins J, Reuter P (2013) New visions for National Security at Issues in Science and Technology. http://issues.org/23-1/caulkins/
- Caulkins J, Reuter P, Iguchi M, Chiesa J (2005) How goes the “war on drugs”?: an assessment of U.S. drug problems and policy. Rand Corporation, Santa MonicaGoogle Scholar
- Ramirez Lemus M, Stanton K, Walsh J (2005) Colombia: a vicious circle of drugs and war. In: Youngers C, Rosin E (eds) Drugs and democracy in Latin America: the impact of U.S. policy. Lynne Rienner, BoulderGoogle Scholar
- Reuter P, Trautmann F (2009) A report on global illicit markets 1997–2008. European CommissionGoogle Scholar
- Rojas I (2005) Peru: drug control policy, human rights and democracy. In: Youngers C, Rosin E (eds) Drugs and democracy in Latin America: the impact of U.S. policy. Lynne Rienner, BoulderGoogle Scholar
- Rydell P, Everingham S (1994) Controlling cocaine: supply versus demand programs. Rand Corporation Monographs. En http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR331.html
- Tokatlian J (2010) La guerra antidrogas y el Comando Sur: Una combinación delicada. Foreign Affairs en Español 10:1Google Scholar
- Youngers C (2005) The collateral damage of the U.S. war on drugs; collusions and recommendations. In: Youngers C, Rosin E (eds) Drugs and democracy in Latin America: the impact of U.S. policy. Lynne Rienner, BoulderGoogle Scholar