Evolution-Based Universal Morality
This chapter highlights first the rationale for evolution-based ethical choices in modernity and proposes the main arguments in favour of this position. The core of this chapter concerns the identification and justification of evolution-based general ethical goals for the future. Two evolutionary-based prerequisites for the further development and evolution of the human species are distinguished: ecological sustainability and cultural progression of the modernisation process. The main aim is defined as the phylogenetic enhancement of the hominisation process; from this main aim five major derived objectives are inferred: the ontogenetic development of human-specific potentialities, the promotion of quality of life, the promotion of equity, the shift from competitive toward cooperative efforts, and the promotion of universalism. The rationale for each one of those general ethical goals for the future development and evolution of humankind is explained and justified on the basis of the confrontation of the long-term hominisation process with a further progressing modernisation. As far as the future of the hominisation process is concerned, four alternative scenarios are discussed: extinction, regression, stabilisation and progression.