Origin and Evolution of Morality
This chapter starts with a discussion of the role of evolutionary mechanisms in the development of predispositions to moral behaviour and the development of moral values and norms. Next, the evolutionary background of morality is dealt with. The major stages of evolutionary ethics as a scientific discipline are reviewed and the biological bases and causes of morality are discussed. Then an overview is given of the major stages in the evolution and historical development of morality and the content of moral systems. Finally, the genetic and neurological determinants of moral behaviour are addressed.