Basics and Practical Aspects of Non-invasive Mechanical Ventilation

  • Joe Devasahayam
  • Troy Whitacre
  • Tony Oliver
Chapter

Abstract

Artificial ventilation is a lifesaving measure in the setting of respiratory failure. However, invasive ventilation using endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube is ridden with risks and side effects. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has proven to be a valuable tool in some patients that don’t require invasive methods. From the primitive negative pressure “Iron Lung” ventilators to the most sophisticated automated positive pressure delivery ventilators, NIV has come a long way to become an important part of the care of the patients in respiratory failure. In this chapter, we aim to discuss the basic principles involved in NIV and the various NIV options available to the patients.

Keywords

Transpulmonary pressure Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist Positive end expiratory pressure Peak pressure Plateau pressure Tidal volume and minute ventilation AVAPS 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Devasahayam
    • 1
  • Troy Whitacre
    • 2
  • Tony Oliver
    • 3
  1. 1.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Respiratory Therapy ServicesUniversity of Missouri Hospital and ClinicsColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Sanford Medical CenterUniversity of South DakotaSioux FallsUSA

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