Advertisement

Abstract

Evidence-based policymaking helps people make well informed decisions about policies, programmes and projects by putting the best available evidence from research at the heart of policy development and implementation. Research has the potential to influence policy at any stage of the policy cycle. However, many factors limit evidence-based decision-making both at individual and organisational levels. Nevertheless, it is imperative not only for policymakers, but also for researchers, to improve the availability and dissemination of sound research. Fundamentally, there needs to be increased communication and interaction between the research and policy worlds to strengthen the integration of policy and evidence. This will be achieved by setting up mechanisms which will facilitate greater use of evidence by policymakers. This paper reviews the strengths and weaknesses of some research-policy bridging models and draws lessons for advancing the quest to bridge research-policy gap particularly in the science, technology and innovation, and agricultural sectors.

Keywords

Evidence-based policy Evidence-based practice Research-policy gap Research dissemination Bridging models 

References

  1. 1.
    ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute): Livestock Policy Analysis. ILRI Training Manual 2. ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya, p. 264 (1995). http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/ilri/x5547e/x5547e00.htm#Contents
  2. 2.
    Shankland, A.: Analysing policy for sustainable livelihoods. Research Report 49. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, Sussex (2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weiss, C.H.: The many meanings of research utilization. Public Adm. Rev. 39(5), 426–431 (1979)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nutley, S., Walter, I., Davies, H.: From knowing to doing: a framework for understanding the evidence-into-practice agenda. Discussion Paper 1, Research Unit for Research Utilisation University of St Andrews, Fife (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nutley, S., Webb, J.: Evidence and the policy process. In: Davies, H., Nutley, S., Smith, P. (eds.) What Works? Evidence-based Policy and Practice in Public Services. The Policy Press, Bristol (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Young, K., Ashby, D., Boaz, A., Grayson, L.: Social science and the evidence based policy movement. Soc. Policy Soc. 1(3), 215–224 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bulmer, M.: The Uses of Social Research - Social Investigation in Public Policy-Making. Contemporary Social Research Series. George Allen & Unwin, London (1982)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Landry, R., Amara, N., Lamari, M.: Climbing the Ladder of Research Utilisation: Evidence from Social Science Research. Society for Social Studies of Science, San Diego (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jones, A., Seelig, T.: Understanding and enhancing research-policy linkages in Australian housing: a discussion paper. AHURI Positioning Paper No. 75, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited, Melbourne (2004). https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/position-papers/75
  10. 10.
    Weiss, C.H.: Research and policy-making: a limited partnership. In: Heller, F. (ed.) The Use and Abuse of Social Science. Sage Publications, London (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hammersley, M.: The Sky is Never Blue for Modernisers: The Threat Posed by David Blunkett’s Offer of ‘Partnership’ to Social Science. British Educational Research Association (2000). http://www.bera.ac.uk
  12. 12.
    Berkout, F., Scoones, I.: Knowing how to change, environmental policy learning and transfer. Dev. Res. Insights 30, 1–2 (1999)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saywell, D., Cotton, A.: Spreading the Word: Practical Guidelines for Research Dissemination Strategies. Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough, UK (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Technology Policy Research InstituteCouncil for Scientific and Industrial ResearchCantonments, AccraGhana

Personalised recommendations